Getting ready for retirement requires evaluation of all your sources of retirement income. Even if you worked for the government and didn’t pay the FICA tax on your earnings, you may be eligible for benefits from your spouse’s work under Social Security.
However, when you receive both your own non-covered government pension and a Social Security spousal benefit, your Social Security benefit may be reduced. The Government Pension Offset (GPO) reduces your Social Security benefit by two-thirds of your government pension.
Why are benefits reduced? Current law requires any beneficiary’s spouse, widow, or widower benefit to be reduced by the dollar amount of their own retirement benefit. For example, if a woman worked and earned her own $900 monthly Social Security benefit, but was due a $500 wife’s benefit on her husband’s record, we couldn’t pay the wife’s $500 benefit because her own retirement benefit is the larger amount.
Before enactment of the GPO, if the same woman was a government employee who didn’t pay into Social Security but earned a $900 government pension, there was no reduction. We would have paid her the full amount of wife’s benefit and she also received her full government pension. GPO ensures that we calculate the benefits of government employees who don’t pay Social Security taxes the same way as workers in the private sector who pay Social Security taxes. Applying the GPO in this example means since two-thirds of the government pension (2/3 of $900 = $600) is more than the wife’s benefit ($500), there is no wife’s benefit payable.
If you take your government pension annuity in a lump sum, Social Security will treat the annuity as if you chose to get monthly benefit payments from your government work. Payments from a defined benefit plan or defined contribution plan (e.g., 401(k), 403(b), or 457) based on earnings from non-covered government employment are considered pensions subject to GPO, if the plan is the employee’s primary retirement plan. To read more about GPO, review our factsheet, Government Pension Offset www.socialsecurity.gov/pubs/EN-05-10007.pdf or visit www.ssa.gov/planners/retire/gpo.html.
Kylle’ McKinney, SSA Public Affairs Specialist, can be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Can rural Alabama benefit from community paramedicine?
Community paramedicine is an emerging healthcare profession where paramedics and emergency medical technicians also provide routine healthcare services. This concept has been used for several years in rural areas with a shortage of primary care services. Minnesota is a leader in this concept, signing a Community Paramedic Bill into law in 2011. Alabama does not have a rural community paramedic program, but does have three such programs in Birmingham, Mobile and Tuscaloosa.
Initially, rural community paramedic programs expanded the services provided by rural emergency medical services (EMS) personnel to include outreach, wellness, health screening assessments, dispensing immunizations, disease management, mental health assistance, wound care, safety programs, properly taking medications, and assisting physicians in rural clinics and hospitals. This has provided needed primary care service in many rural areas. It also has the potential to better utilize the abilities of EMS personnel when they are not answering emergency calls and could provide additional revenue to help fund rural EMS and decrease future health care costs.
Community paramedicine also could decrease the excessive number of non-emergency ambulance transports to emergency rooms. The Alabama Legislature funded $500,000 through the Alabama Medicaid Agency for a pilot project involving the City of Tuscaloosa and the University of Alabama’s College of Community Health Sciences for such a program. Through this pilot project, nurse practitioners or physician assistants ride with other first-responders on what appear to be non-emergency calls and offer treatment at the patient’s home. Tuscaloosa Fire and Rescue Service has provided highly innovative community paramedic service since 2014.
The Affordable Care Act (or Obamacare) increased hospital responsibility in preventing the readmission of Medicare patients by adding provisions to the Social Security Act that restricted payments to hospitals for Medicare patients who had to be readmitted within 30 days following discharge. Hospitals have not traditionally served as caretakers outside the hospital, but are now placed in this role for Medicare patients. Several medical centers are using community paramedics for case managers for discharged, high-risk Medicare patients to assure that patient instructions are followed and decrease the likelihood of readmission.
The City of Mobile Fire-Rescue Department is operating a community paramedic program to prevent such readmissions and keep hospital beds available. This service involves assessment, taking vital signs, taking medications properly, following other physician or hospital instructions properly, etc. This service is being provided without reimbursement.
The only other community paramedic program in Alabama is operated by Birmingham Fire and Rescue. This program is patterned after the rural community paramedic concept in rural Minnesota and seeks to prevent unnecessary emergency room visits and free hospital beds by preventing readmissions. None of the three community paramedic services serve rural areas.
There are rural areas in Alabama that may benefit from having a community paramedic program. Several issues must be addressed before this can be done. There must be reimbursement by private insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, and other payer sources for services provided. Community paramedicine should not duplicate services better provided by others, such as home health. Additional training may be required for EMS personnel to expand health care activity. Providing routine healthcare services differs from providing emergency services and may require EMS personnel.
Visit the Rural Health Information Hub at www.ruralhealthinfo.org and enter “community paramedics” in the search box. You can also contact the directors of the three programs in Alabama.
Dale Quinney is executive director of the Alabama Rural Health Association, 1414 Elba Highway, Troy, 36081.
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Located along the Tennessee River in the northern part of Alabama, Decatur was an important river port and railroad hub during the Civil War. Relics from that turbulent time in America’s history can be found in historic downtown Decatur at the Blue and Gray Museum of North Alabama.
From weapons to supplies to uniforms, the items on display at the Blue and Gray Museum are believed to be the largest privately owned collection of Civil War artifacts in the United States. Attached to the museum is a store where authentic Civil War relics can be purchased.
Museum Curator Robert Parham proudly claims his museum offers more for the visitor to see and experience than typical Civil War museums found at major battlefields such as Antietam, Shiloh or Vicksburg. “There is more stuff at our museum than the other battlefield museums,” Parham says. “A lot of people comment about how much we have.”
Although a majority of those who visit the museum have a vested interest in the conflict between North and South, even those who may not be interested at first usually leave the museum with a deeper interest in this particular era in the long history of our nation.
Among the weapons in the collection are swords, revolvers and pistols, muskets and carbines. One of the guns on display is a precursor to the sniper rifle called the Whitworth. While most bullets fired from rifles during that era traveled only a distance of 400 yards, bullets from a Whitworth could travel on average a distance of 800 to 1,000 yards.
Parham says the record distance for a bullet fired from a Whitworth was in Decatur and traveled 1,200 yards. “Imagine putting twelve football fields together end to end, that was the distance a bullet from a Whitworth traveled,” he says. He adds that those wanting to join the Confederate sniper team had to prove they could shoot a Whitworth before being given the responsibility of fighting on that particular squad.
There are other types of guns on display, including a Colt .36-caliber carbine, of which only 150 were made during the Civil War, and a Barnett Naval Gun, which was used by the Confederate Navy. Also on display is the gun carried by Union Gen. Joseph K. Mansfield, who was killed in the bloody Battle of Antietam in September 1862.
Also here is a sword carried by Alabama Union Cavalry Lt. Col. Orzo John Dodds, who went on to have a political career after the war. Those interested in artillery shells should pay attention to several cannonballs that were discovered in and around Decatur that are displayed behind glass cases.
Because there were fewer in circulation, Confederate weapons are considered more valuable today than Union weapons.
There are non-weapon items too. Actual voting tickets for both Jefferson Davis, the president of the Confederacy, and President Abraham Lincoln are here. Photography buffs will especially like the carte de visite photos, a style of small photograph used in the 1800s, of both Confederate and Union generals and politicians.
The museum’s artifacts originally belonged to Robert Sackheim, who helped oversee the aerospace program at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville before retiring in 2006. Sackheim developed an interest in the Civil War while an undergraduate at the University of Virginia, a state with several Civil War battlefields that is steeped in the era’s history.
Collected over the years, Sackheim’s collection includes items he bought and some that were unearthed on private property; it is illegal to dig for artifacts on land owned by the National Park Service.
Sackheim was running out of space in his house and was eager to share his collection with the public. He spoke with Parham, who sold Civil War collectibles; the two shared a passion for history of the era. “They would talk for hours,” says Sackheim’s wife, Babette.
Parham convinced Sackheim to put his collection on display in downtown Decatur. “Why have all this stuff if you can’t see it and enjoy it?” Parham says. Sackheim remodeled an old antique mall to house the museum, which opened in 2007, in hopes of educating future generations about a conflict that deeply divided a nation that was less than a century old at the time.
Although Sackheim passed away in 2013, Parham maintains the museum and gives narrated tours of the different displays. His vast knowledge surpasses what a student might read in a school textbook: Be prepared to spend a few hours or even come back for multiple visits to learn about an important chapter in our nation’s history.ν
Cold frames offer opportunities for year-round gardening
One thing we have plenty of here in Alabama is sunlight, and while it may seem like too much of a good thing during the summer, it’s a valuable fall and winter resource for gardeners, especially those who know how to harness its warming rays to extend the length of their growing season.
Sunlight is, of course, vital for photosynthesis, but it also helps protect plants from cold temperatures by warming the air and soil around them. Greenhouses, hoop houses (also known as high and low tunnels) and row covers are often used by larger-scale growers; however, because these structures tend to require more space, installation effort and investment in materials, they are not always suitable for home gardeners.
Cold frames, on the other hand, are versatile little greenhouses that can be easy and fun to install and then used for starting seed, hardening off seedlings, extending the growing and harvest season of a variety of food crops and protecting dormant or tender plants and cuttings from cold weather.
At their basic level, cold frames are simply low-lying, enclosed spaces that are either sunk into the soil or filled with a growing media and then covered with transparent roofing that allows sunlight to radiate in and warm the air and the growing media inside the enclosure.
Ready-made cold frames can be purchased at many garden centers or online (prices range from less than $50 to more than $400); but they are also easy do-it-yourself projects that can be built using inexpensive (or practically free if you use recycled items) materials such as lumber, hay or straw bales, cinderblocks and old bricks for the enclosed area then top that with plastic sheeting, Plexiglass or old windows and storm doors. Like so many things in the garden, the options are as unlimited as your imagination and pocketbook.
Looking for ideas and inspiration or plans for building a cold frame? Check out the plethora of ideas online or at your local garden center, library and Alabama Cooperative Extension Service office. Or ask your experienced gardening friends for advice. They might just have a cold frame in the yard to show you.
As easy as they are to build, however, there are a few things to keep in mind as you install a cold frame. Here are the main considerations.
Ideally, a cold frame should be located in an area protected from strong winds, preferably against or near a wall with southern or southwestern exposure.
The growing media inside the cold frame should be rich in plant nutrients, debris-free and well-drained. Consider soil testing it to make sure it meets the needs of the plants you’re growing.
Lumber to build the enclosure should be creosote-free; try to use woods that are naturally weather and rot resistant, such as cypress and cedar. Lumber can, however, be treated with a non-toxic wood preservative or stain.
A cold frame’s transparent cover should be either hinged or removable so that it can easily be opened to regulate temperatures, improve ventilation and allow easy access for planting and harvesting.
An inexpensive garden thermometer, which can cost as little as few dollars depending on how fancy you want to get with the technology, is a worthwhile investment for a cold frame to monitor temperatures inside the enclosure.
By following these basic guidelines (and your inner do-it-yourself muse), you can have one or more cold frames ready in no time this fall.And if you already have a cold frame or decide to build one, tell me about it (and send a picture) by emailing me at email@example.com.I’d love to see what you’ve created!
Speaking of emails, several astute readers noticed that the fruit pictured in last month’s column as a pawpaw was actually a papaya. To learn more about pawpaws (and see photos of them) check out the North American Pawpaw Growers Association at https://ohiopawpaw.com or on Facebook at www.facebook.com/NorthAmericanPawpawGrowers.
Karma’s Coffee House is, as the motto goes, “where good people come for good coffee.” It is also where they come on a rainy late summer afternoon, to get a shot of caffeinated comfort to keep going after lunch.
The Cullman coffee shop, open since 2015, sits in a brick building on First Avenue northeast downtown. With its exposed brick walls, humble platform stage and large picture windows overlooking lonely railroad tracks, the environment beckons customers to sit and daydream. A record player spun a new John Mayer song while a tall bookshelf holding works by Joan Didion and Gabriel Garcia Marquez waited for readers to turn off their cellphones and just be.
There’s far more than coffee here. In fact, there are four kinds of chicken salad to suit every taste: Southern, Honey Pecan, Old-Fashioned and Buffalo. Old-Fashioned has crushed pineapple, grapes, almonds and celery.
“Honey Pecan and Buffalo are tied,” owner Katie Fine says, as far as local preferences.
The menu offers flatbread sandwiches as well as grape salad, homemade macaroni, protein bites, cookies, scones and sausage balls. House specialties include the Kurt Cobain, named after the late Nirvana singer. The coffee drink comes with chocolate and an extra shot of nut toffee. Bullet-proof coffee is still in high demand along with acai bowls, which Fine added this summer, that often sell out.
“Crazy enough, my husband suggested we do sausage balls, and they have become the most popular thing,” Fine says.
You can order a bottomless mug of coffee or stick with Fine’s recent choice, a fuss-free cup of strong, black brew. After indulging in specialty drinks for years, she had to go back to the basics.
“I really love the sweet stuff,” she says.
Where regulars are like family
Fine studied rehabilitation and disabilities at Auburn University and interned at United Way before deciding a desk job was not for her. Her fond memories of working at coffee houses and restaurants in Cullman inspired her to open Karma’s with a financial backer.
“Being around a coffee shop is not like anywhere else,” Fine says. “Your regulars kind of become family.”
Her business embraces warmth over the stark modernity in so many chains. Cushioned chairs and couches fill sitting areas instead of hard metal chairs, and there’s a children’s corner with chalk tables, books and toys. She painted the walls in pleasing jewel tones and works almost every day, fixing orders along with her employees. Fine has nine employees, an accountant, a social media employee and two kitchen workers.
“It’s more (work) than people think,” she says. “More often 12 hours than not.”
She uses local sources for her ingredients, including sausage from Fudge Family Farms in Madison and beans from Vienna Coffee Company in Maryville, Tenn.
Friends told Fine to name her shop after herself or use java in the name. She decided to go with a simple philosophy of doing good to others and then receiving like in return.
“I’m just a big fan of people, and I believe people should be nice to each other,” said Fine, who was leaving on a mission trip in a few days.
In this periodic feature, we highlight books either about Alabama people or events or written by Alabama authors. Summaries are not reviews or endorsements. We also occasionally highlight book-related events. Email submissions to firstname.lastname@example.org. Due to the volume of submissions, we are unable to feature all the books we receive.
Sixteen and Counting: The National Championships of Alabama Football, edited and with an introduction by Kenneth Gaddy, University of Alabama Press, $24.95 (sports) The book features dramatic accounts of every University of Alabama National Championship football season, recounted by noted sports writers, players and Alabamians.
Once You Know This, by Emily Blejwas, Random House/Delacorte Press, $16.99 (middle grade readers) Eleven-year-old Brittany knows there has to be a better world out there. At home, her granny is sick, her cat is missing, there’s never any money, and a little brother to worry about. Once she starts believing in herself, she realizes what has always seemed out of reach might be just around the corner. The author lives in Mobile and the novel is set in part in Montgomery.
Grandeur of the Everyday: The Paintings of Dale Kennington, University of Alabama Press, $29.95 (art) The book is a lavishly illustrated overview of the life and work of realist painter Dale Kennington, who called Dothan home for most of her life. The book features more than 85 of her most renowned works, and has an introduction by Daniel White, an interview by Kristen Miller Zohn and an essay by Rebecca Brantley.
An Irresistible History of Alabama Barbecue, by Mark R. Johnson, ArcadiaPublishing and The History Press, $21.99 (food) From Muscle Shoals to Mobile, Alabamians enjoy fabulous barbecue. In the 1820s, however, a group of reformers wanted to eliminate the Southern staple because politicians used it toentice voters. The author traces the development of the state’s famous food from the earliest settlement of the state to the rise of barbecue restaurants.
Archipelagoes of My South: Episodes in the Shaping of a Region, 1830-1965, by J. Mills Thornton III, University of Alabama Press, $59.95 (Southern culture) This collection of essays by historian Thornton, a native of Montgomery, represents 45 years of reflection on the central problems of Southern history, bound together by a common concern with defining the crucial interaction of race and class in the formation of Southern politics and life.
Taut with anticipation of action, combat veterans entered the brush with weapons loaded and ready. Moments later, they began firing, drawing first blood this day.
No, this action didn’t occur in combat thousands of miles from home. These warriors were hunting quail and pheasant near Birmingham, but they really gathered for the camaraderie and healing through hunting. Not all war wounds leave visible scars.
“Warrior Hunts engage combat veterans in nature through hunting, fishing and camaraderie with fellow warriors,” says John Nolan, founder of Warrior Hunts. “Our mission excites positive change in the lives of our heroes. For me, the hunting is a byproduct of the camaraderie that we get by hunting together.”
Nolan served 20 years in the Air Force before retiring in 2012 as a master sergeant. He spent much of his career serving with Special Forces overseas. Soon after retiring, he met Charles Jones, who served with the 5th Special Forces in Vietnam and earned a Purple Heart for wounds and a Bronze Star.
“The Vietnam generation realizes that when men and women come home, they need that camaraderie and that time,” Nolan says. “Just being kind to a veteran helps fight a battle you don’t even know is going on. It doesn’t take a lot to say ‘thank you’ and it really goes a long way. That’s where the healing really starts.”
Jones owns 3PJ Outfitting in Ashville, Ala. and has access to bird hunting operations. Nolan knows many warriors who would benefit from an outdoors adventure. The two veterans teamed up for a new mission. Nolan finds warriors who would enjoy a weekend of hunting and camaraderie. Jones enlisted his friends, Scott and Elizabeth Deuel of Stick Lake Hunting Preserve (sticklakehunting.com) in Springville, Ala. and Mike McClendon with the nearby Heart of Dixie Hunting Preserve, who can offer the vets places to hunt.
“These hunts are not just a ‘thank you,’ but also a healing process,” Jones says. “It’s not only a healing process for them, but for me. I was an Army Green Beret in Vietnam. These events have helped me to heal a lot of wounds from that war.”
Each year, Nolan brings some warriors to Alabama where they spend a few days walking the fields behind trained bird dogs. At night, everyone gathers in the lodge to eat their fill of home-cooked food and swap stories.
“We’ve been able to put more than 400 warriors and their families into nature in Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas and other states since 2012,” Nolan says. “Spouses, children and caregivers are included whenever possible. Anytime we can bundle conservation, love of nature, veterans getting outdoors with their families and helping others, that’s a good thing.”
On this hunt is Air Force Master Sgt. Ismael “Ish” Villegas. A combat controller, Ish accompanies ground forces to communicate with aircraft putting bombs on target and bringing in needed supplies. He is the only Air Force member currently on active duty to earn two Silver Stars, the third highest combat citation. He earned those medals for bravery under fire in Afghanistan.
Each year, Warrior Hunts also invites a Gold Star family member. A military tradition dating back to World War I, families place a blue star in their window for each loved one serving in uniform. Unfortunately, they swap the blue star for a gold one when a family member dies in service to the country.
“Gold Star status is something that no family wants to achieve,” Nolan says. “The Gold Star families paid the ultimate price for freedom. They gave the nation a loved one.”
Warrior Hunts invited Brent Sibley as the Gold Star family member for this hunt. Brent’s son, Staff Sgt. Forrest Sibley, was killed in action while serving in Afghanistan in 2015. The 31-year-old Air Force combat controller earned four Bronze Stars for valor under fire and two Purple Hearts for wounds received. On the evening before the first day of hunting, Jones and Nolan presented Sibley with a flag that flew over the Capitol building in Washington D.C. in honor of his son.
“We want to let these warriors know that we honor what they did for their country,” Jones says. “We want to give them a weekend of relaxation and hunting. They don’t have to pay a penny for it. People can hunt these preserves other days, but for three days each year, we set aside the lodge and the properties to honor our nation’s heroes.”
People can help the warriors by donating cash, ammunition, hunting equipment and other supplies to Warrior Hunts or similar organizations. Even better, people can donate their time to help veterans heal their physical, mental and emotional wounds. On this Veterans Day, think about those who served or still serve and their families who also sacrificed or our freedom.
For more information on Warrior Hunts, send an email to email@example.com or see www.warriorhunts.org. Contact Jones at 205-915-5305.
John N. Felsher lives in Semmes, Ala. He’s a professional freelance writer and photographer with more than 2,500 articles published in more than 150 different magazines. Contact him through Facebook.
Last month I wrote about Aunt Roscoe and her “falsie.”
Aunt Roscoe lived down on the Gulf Coast with Uncle Leon.Their home was back on the bayou, where Uncle Leon fished for mullet. With a cast net.
Mullet are plentiful, pretty easy to catch, and when fried fresh, they are as good as anything you can pull out of a river or pond.
If you go to the “Redneck Riviera” in search of redneckery, you won’t find much of it among the high-rise condos, gated communities, and upscale eating establishments that serve stuff sautéed.However, if you go to a place where fried mullet is on the menu, there is a good chance redneckery is lurking about.
Now some say the mullet is not a fish at all.
Back in the 1920s, three men were arrested for fishing for mullet without a license.They got themselves a lawyer who knew something about mullet and together they devised this defense.
“My clients,” the lawyer told the jury, “cannot be convicted for illegal fishing because a mullet is not a fish.It is a bird.”
Then he brought in a biologist who testified that in his professional opinion, only birds have gizzards. The jury, carefully selected to include at least a few men who were familiar with mullet, knew that a mullet had a gizzard.So, it followed logically that a mullet could not be a fish. It had to be a bird.
Uncle Leon would have applauded the verdict.
According to family lore, he would go down to the bayou with his cast net and bring home fish for frying.
Now I don’t know how much you know about fishing with a cast net, but it is critical that when you cast the net, it flares out in a circle so you can catch as many fish as possible.There are many ways to accomplish this, but old-timers like Uncle Leon used a technique that involved holding one edge of the net in your teeth.The trick was to release that edge just a click after throwing so that the net forms the circular pattern so admired by cast net aficionados. It took some coordination, but Uncle Leon had it down pat.
Unfortunately, Uncle Leon, like so many of his class and circumstance, did not practice good dental hygiene.So, in the fullness of time, he began to lose his teeth.Unwilling to spend the money to get professionally crafted dentures, he bought a set of choppers at a local store and went about his business.
Which included casting his net for mullet.
You can see where this is heading.
He went out on the bayou as he always had.
Took up the net as he always had.
Put one edge between his teeth, as he always had.
And threw, as he always had.
Only the false teeth did not release as his real teeth had.
So net, with teeth attached, flew out into bayou.
Not in a neat circle, but in an embarrassing splash that scared off any mullet that happened to be nearby.
Uncle Leon hauled in the fishless net.
Put his teeth back in his mouth.
Hung the net in the shed.
And never took it out again.
“As ye sow, so shall you reap.”
Harvey H. (“Hardy”) Jackson is Professor Emeritus of History at Jacksonville State University. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sites and museums bring Alabama’s military history to life
By Marilyn Jones
Throughout Alabama, museums and historic sites are dedicated to honoring military veterans as well as the state’s military history. Visiting parks, museums and attending re-enactments offer a look back in state and American history. From the Revolutionary War, Creek War and Civil War through World War I, World War II and more recent conflicts, military men and women are honored for their role in creating this nation and keeping it free.
As we salute our veterans on Nov. 11, Veterans Day, Alabama Living is highlighting several veteran and military sites in our state. Dedicated historians, volunteers, collectors and public officials worked hand in hand to make sure this important history is not lost to the ages and that veterans are properly remembered for their sacrifices.
Alabama Veterans Museum & Archives, Athens: A large exhibit area includes artifacts from the Revolutionary War to present day including uniforms, weapons, medals and photos. Guided tours are provided by local veterans. (256) 771-7578; alabamaveteransmuseum.weebly.com.
Cost of Freedom Veterans Museum, Arab: Located in the former Arabian movie theater, displays are from American wars including the American Revolution and Civil War. Most of the exhibit is from Museum Director Gene Bishop’s private collection.(256) 797-1962.
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site, Tuskegee:Moton airfield and two airplane hangar museums recount the history of African-American men and women who served as pilots, mechanics, technicians, radio operators, supply personnel, parachute riggers and more during WWII. The site includes several videos and a film chronicling their success. (334) 724-0922; nps.gov/tuai/index.htm.
Veterans Memorial Museum, Huntsville: The Veterans Memorial Museum displays more than 30 historic military vehicles from World War I to the present, as well as photographs, artifacts, and other memorabilia dating back to the Revolutionary War and including the Mexican War, Civil War, World War I, World War II, Korean Conflict, Vietnam, and present day. (256) 883-3737; memorialmuseum.org.
U.S. Army Aviation Museum, Fort Rucker: Army aviation can be traced back to the Civil War, when both Union and Confederate forces used hydrogen-filled balloons to direct artillery fire. In 1909, the Army acquisitioned its first airplane from the Wright Brothers. The museum traces this early history up to present day with an impressive collection of military memorabilia. (334) 598-2508; armyaviationmuseum.org.
Battleship Memorial Park, Mobile: Tour the USS Alabama Battleship(celebrating 75 years of service), USS Drum and Aircraft Pavilion, see tanks and artillery, and military memorials. A new World War I exhibit is now open as well. (800) GANGWAY; ussalabama.com
National Veterans Shrine, Montevallo: Part of American Village, the shrine is patterned after Philadelphia’s Carpenters Hall and honors veterans’ service and their sacrifice for America. Interactive media, artifacts and exhibits tell the story of these men and women and what they did for this country and what we owe them. The Veterans Register of Honor is also located here. (877) 811-1776; americanvillage.org.
Blue and Gray Museum of North Alabama, Decatur: Believed to be the largest privately owned collection of Civil War artifacts in the U.S., the museum features swords, revolvers, muskets, uniforms, photographs and much more. (256) 350-4011; alabamacivilwarmuseum.com. (See story on Page 16.)
Crooked Creek Civil War Museum, Vinemont: Crooked Creek Civil War Museum & Park is located on a battle site where Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest and Union Col. Abel Streight fought in April 1863. Fred Wise and volunteers preserved the site and its history.256-739-2741
Confederate Memorial Park, Mountain Creek: The site of Alabama’s only Confederate Soldiers’ Home, the 102-acre park includes a museum, historic structures, ruins and two cemeteries, which are the burial site of more than 300 Confederate soldiers. 205-755-1990; http://ahc.alabama.gov/properties/confederate/confederate.aspx.
Fort Gaines, Dauphin Island: Standing at the eastern tip of Dauphin Island, soldiers had a panoramic view of Mobile Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. The fort has original cannons, a blacksmith shop, kitchens, a museum and tunnels. (251) 861-3607; http://dauphinisland.org/fort-gaines.
Fort Mitchell, Russell County: The 1813 fort was built during the Creek War of 1813-1814 under the command of Gen. John Floyd. The park features a reconstructed fort, burial grounds, a museum and a restored 19th century log home. 334-855-1406
Fort Toulouse – Fort Jackson Park, Wetumpka: The site features 1751 Fort Toulouse, Creek Native American houses and the partially restored 1814 American Fort Jackson built during the Creek War.The annual Frontier Days event will be Nov. 1-4. (334) 567-3002; https://fttoulousejackson.org.
Fort Morgan State Historic Site, Gulf Shores: The masonry fort was built between 1819 and 1833 to stand guard where Mobile Bay meets the Gulf of Mexico. Playing a significant role in the Battle of Mobile Bay in August 1864, it was also used during the Spanish American War, World War I and World War II. (251) 540-7127; fort-morgan.org.
Fort of Colonial Mobile, Mobile: The Fort guarded Mobile and its citizens for almost 100 years, from 1723-1820. The fort had been built by the French to defend against British or Spanish attack on the strategic location of Mobile Bay as a port to the Gulf of Mexico, on the easternmost part of the French Louisiana colony. (251) 802-3092. http://colonialmobile.com
Aliceville Museum, Aliceville: Although there are displays highlighting other facets of local history, the main exhibit features relics from the WWII Aliceville Prisoner of War Camp. This is the largest collection of WWII POW memorabilia in the United States. The museum also honors veterans from WWII through current conflicts by showcasing artifacts including photos and documents donated by those who served. For more information: (205) 373-2363; email email@example.com.
We should never forget what our veterans — past and present — and our enlisted military personnel did and continue to do for our nation. A visit to one of these sites offers a look at their dedication in an insightful way.